The Sorrento Peninsula and Capri
Characterized by a typically Mediterranean mild climate, the Sorrento Peninsula and the island of Capri, renowned tourist destinations in Campania, stretch out with their high and jagged coasts into a crystal clear sea.
The fortunate climatic conditions they enjoy make their land ideal for the cultivation of lemons which represent a typical element of the Sorrento rural area so much so that, as documented by numerous historical data, the presence of spontaneous lemons in the Sorrento Peninsula dates back to 1500 , while the first cultivations would have been the work of the Jesuit Fathers in 1600.
Today as in the past, the lemon groves are located along the slopes that descend to the sea and thanks to the favorable combination of climate and clayey nature of the soils they give a product in which it is possible to recognize unique and superior organoleptic characteristics.
The cultivation system of lemon groves in Sorrento and on the island of Capri makes use of very special structures known as the "Sorrento pergola", formed by reed roofing (pagliarelle) supported by chestnut poles. In addition to protecting the lemons from winter winds and possible hailstorms, these structures have the function of delaying the ripening of the fruit. Traditional and typical landscape component of the Sorrento Peninsula and Capri, the Sorrento pergola is a cultivation system capable of significantly improving the quality of lemons; in fact, delaying the ripening of the fruit enhances the organoleptic properties of the product represented by the local variety of lemon.